The Time In The Canada
Sorry that the time in Canada is or can be confusing. But this article will help makes things clear.
Although most people in Canada live within 100 kilometers of the border with the USA and although Canada only has a population of about 35,000,000, Canada is the second largest country in the world (Russia is the largest). Additionally, Canada has the longest coastline (Indonesia has the second longest coastline). Although Canada has a relatively small population, the country itself is massive and thus Canada requires six time zones.
Canada — Videos
Canada — A Quick Lesson in (Time Zone) History
Although Canadian history begins with the arrival of the aboriginal people of Canada, for the purposes of understanding time zones in Canada (and how Canada's creation of standardized time zones impacted the world), the focus shall be the history that begins with the arrival of the Europeans.
Although the Vikings arrived around 1000 AD and established a small colony at the World Heritage Site known as L'Anse aux Meadows, modern Canadian history begins with the arrival of John Cabot in 1497 followed by Jacques Cartier in 1534.
After the arrival of these early European explorers came colonization. Eventually, on July 1, 1867, Canada became a country with only 4 provinces — Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. More provinces eventually joined but British Columbia would not join the confederation unless a railway was built connecting British Columbia to eastern Canada.
Sir Sandford Fleming, a Scottish Canadian engineer, realized the importance of time zones after missing a train once due to an error in the time schedule.
Before standardized time zones, different towns along the train route would have different local times. As a result, you could never truly be sure when the train would arrive or leave. With this awareness, time zones were born in Canada due to the significance and importance of the
Canadian Pacific Railway to the success of the young country known as Canada.
The railroads instituted standard time by creating time zones in the United States and Canada on November 18, 1883. This ensured that every town, even if in a different time zone, was following a standardized method of determining its local time.
Prior to the railroads, man simply couldn't move fast enough between towns. Thus, before trains when walking or horseback was the only method of transportation, there was no need to worry about standardized time zones because to go from one town to another took time — thus, if different towns used different times, it ultimately made no impact.
Now, with planes, trains and automobiles, humans move around the world faster than ever before. Without standardized time zones, catching a connecting flight at an airport, as an example, would be a nightmare.
What Time Is It In Canada? There Are 6 Main Time Zones
There are 6 main time zones in Canada used by the 10 provinces and 3 territories. Notice how Canada spans approximately 90 degrees of longitude. Based on the theory that every 15 degrees of longitude equals a new 1 hour time zone, we can begin to see how or why Canada has and needs 6 time zones (6 x 15 = 90).
|A map of Canada. The east coast of the Canada is on the right side of the map. The west coast of the Canada is on the left side of the map — map copyright Time Genie.|
Click a heading to sort the table.
* Please note:
→ Learn more about the time zones in Saskatchewan.
Time Zone Data
|Time Zone||Standard Time||Daylight Saving Time|
|Newfoundland Time||NT||Newfoundland Standard Time||NST||GMT -3:30||Newfoundland Daylight Time||NDT||GMT -2:30|
|Atlantic Time||AT||Atlantic Standard Time||AST||GMT -4||Atlantic Daylight Time||ADT||GMT -3|
|Eastern Time||ET||Eastern Standard Time||EST||GMT -5||Eastern Daylight Time||EDT||GMT -4|
|Central Time||CT||Central Standard Time||CST||GMT -6||Central Daylight Time||CDT||GMT -5|
|Mountain Time||MT||Mountain Standard Time||MST||GMT -7||Mountain Daylight Time||MDT||GMT -6|
|Pacific Time||PT||Pacific Standard Time||PST||GMT -8||Pacific Daylight Time||PDT||GMT -7|
|Map showing time zones of Canada.|
Daylight Saving Time
Most, but not all, cities or provinces in Canada observe daylight saving time (DST).
→ At 2 AM local time, clocks are advanced 1 hour on the second Sunday in March.
→ At 2 AM local time, clocks go back 1 hour on the first Sunday in November.
Although Saskatchewan as a rule does not observe daylight saving time, there are two locations in Saskatchewan that do. The towns in Saskatchewan that do observe daylight saving time are Creighton and Denare Beach. Both towns are located close to Flin Flon, Manitoba. Creighton is within spitting distance of Flin Flon (both towns are located next to each other on the Saskatchewan / Manitoba border) while Denare Beach is a little bit further away but still relatively close to Flin Flon.
In addition to Saskatchewan, parts of British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Ontario, and Quebec also do not observe daylight saving time. Locations in these provinces that do not observe daylight saving are (Click a heading to sort the table):
|City / Town||Province||GMT ±||Time Zone Name|
|Atikokan||Ontario||GMT -5||Eastern Standard Time|
|Blanc–Sablon||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|Chetwynd||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Chevery||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|Creston||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Dawson Creek||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Fort St. John||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Harrington Harbour||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|Hudson’s Hope||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Kegaska||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|La Romaine||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|Old Fort||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|Pakuashipi||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|Pickle Lake||Ontario||GMT -5||Eastern Standard Time|
|Pouce Coupe||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Taylor||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Tête–à–la–Baleine||Quebec||GMT -4||Atlantic Standard Time|
|Tumbler Ridge||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Tungsten||Northwest Territories||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
|Yahk||British Columbia||GMT -7||Mountain Standard Time|
Canada Time Zone Chart
Click a heading to sort the table.
|00:30||12:30 AM||00:00||12:00 AM||23:00||11:00 PM||22:00||10:00 PM||21:00||9:00 PM||20:00||8:00 PM|
|01:30||1:30 AM||01:00||1:00 AM||00:00||12:00 AM||23:00||11:00 PM||22:00||10:00 PM||21:00||9:00 PM|
|02:30||2:30 AM||02:00||2:00 AM||01:00||1:00 AM||00:00||12:00 AM||23:00||11:00 PM||22:00||10:00 PM|
|03:30||3:30 AM||03:00||3:00 AM||02:00||2:00 AM||01:00||1:00 AM||00:00||12:00 AM||23:00||11:00 PM|
|04:30||4:30 AM||04:00||4:00 AM||03:00||3:00 AM||02:00||2:00 AM||01:00||1:00 AM||00:00||12:00 AM|
|05:30||5:30 AM||05:00||5:00 AM||04:00||4:00 AM||03:00||3:00 AM||02:00||2:00 AM||01:00||1:00 AM|
|06:30||6:30 AM||06:00||6:00 AM||05:00||5:00 AM||04:00||4:00 AM||03:00||3:00 AM||02:00||2:00 AM|
|07:30||7:30 AM||07:00||7:00 AM||06:00||6:00 AM||05:00||5:00 AM||04:00||4:00 AM||03:00||3:00 AM|
|08:30||8:30 AM||08:00||8:00 AM||07:00||7:00 AM||06:00||6:00 AM||05:00||5:00 AM||04:00||4:00 AM|
|09:30||9:30 AM||09:00||9:00 AM||08:00||8:00 AM||07:00||7:00 AM||06:00||6:00 AM||05:00||5:00 AM|
|10:30||10:30 AM||10:00||10:00 AM||09:00||9:00 AM||08:00||8:00 AM||07:00||7:00 AM||06:00||6:00 AM|
|11:30||11:30 AM||11:00||11:00 AM||10:00||10:00 AM||09:00||9:00 AM||08:00||8:00 AM||07:00||7:00 AM|
|12:30||12:30 PM||12:00||12:00 PM||11:00||11:00 AM||10:00||10:00 AM||09:00||9:00 AM||08:00||8:00 AM|
|13:30||1:30 PM||13:00||1:00 PM||12:00||12:00 PM||11:00||11:00 AM||10:00||10:00 AM||09:00||9:00 AM|
|14:30||2:30 PM||14:00||2:00 PM||13:00||1:00 PM||12:00||12:00 PM||11:00||11:00 AM||10:00||10:00 AM|
|15:30||3:30 PM||15:00||3:00 PM||14:00||2:00 PM||13:00||1:00 PM||12:00||12:00 PM||11:00||11:00 AM|
|16:30||4:30 PM||16:00||4:00 PM||15:00||3:00 PM||14:00||2:00 PM||13:00||1:00 PM||12:00||12:00 PM|
|17:30||5:30 PM||17:00||5:00 PM||16:00||4:00 PM||15:00||3:00 PM||14:00||2:00 PM||13:00||1:00 PM|
|18:30||6:30 PM||18:00||6:00 PM||17:00||5:00 PM||16:00||4:00 PM||15:00||3:00 PM||14:00||2:00 PM|
|19:30||7:30 PM||19:00||7:00 PM||18:00||6:00 PM||17:00||5:00 PM||16:00||4:00 PM||15:00||3:00 PM|
|20:30||8:30 PM||20:00||8:00 PM||19:00||7:00 PM||18:00||6:00 PM||17:00||5:00 PM||16:00||4:00 PM|
|21:30||9:30 PM||21:00||9:00 PM||20:00||8:00 PM||19:00||7:00 PM||18:00||6:00 PM||17:00||5:00 PM|
|22:30||10:30 PM||22:00||10:00 PM||21:00||9:00 PM||20:00||8:00 PM||19:00||7:00 PM||18:00||6:00 PM|
|23:30||11:30 PM||23:00||11:00 PM||22:00||10:00 PM||21:00||9:00 PM||20:00||8:00 PM||19:00||7:00 PM|
Provinces with Locations in the Newfoundland Time Zone
Provinces with Locations in the Atlantic Time Zone
Provinces and Territories with Locations in the Eastern Time Zone
Provinces and Territories with Locations in the Central Time Zone
Provinces and Territories with Locations in the Mountain Time Zone
Provinces and Territories with Locations in the Pacific Time Zone
Provinces and Territories with Multiple Time Zones
Unofficial Time Zones in Canada